Monday, November 28th, 2022 13:11:30

World will appreciate Modi’s India Cooling Action Plan

By Viral Desai
Updated: September 29, 2022 5:13 pm

A few days ago World Ozone Day was celebrated and on that occasion armchaired environmentalists all over the world worried and predicted that the world will have major disasters and calamities due to climate emergency. These experts did not have any real data about the exact status of the ozone layer and the changes that have taken place around the world since the Montreal Protocols. But still they were concerned about the environment in TV debates and in newspaper columns. But as an environment lover I will make a very clear statement that after the 1980’s in all the global environmental issues that we faced, the recovery of the ozone layer is the most successful outcome that we have achieved so far. The success we have achieved is due to the universal adherence to the Montreal Protocols and the notable contribution of each developed and developing country.

Of course, the UV rays passing through the depleted ozone layer and coming directly towards us are affecting our ecosystems, whether it is  plants, animals, humans or our marine life. And that effect is not negligible.Our plants, our health and the entire marine ecosystem is facing huge challenges due to the depletion of the ozone layer. Owing to this, many plants and sea creatures are facing the question of survival. But an official statement from the United Nations Environment on this Ozone day revealed that 99% of ozone depleting substances have been eliminated in the past thirty years and we are now on track to regain the ozone levels! Not only that, the  scientists are also predicting that we will completely recover the ozone layer by the year 2060.

This gives me utmost hope as an environmentalist, that if we can achieve the success in recovering the ozone layer in just thirty years, we can also achieve desired results for the factors responsible for climate change in the years to come. Yes, it just requires some concern, some awareness and a specific roadmap. But one thing that I want to discuss specifically in this article is India’s contribution in maintaining the Montreal Protocols and an important policy formulated by India itself in that direction.It is well known that India accepted the Montreal Protocols in the year 1992 and thereafter, despite being a developing country, gradually imposed a ban on substances or technologies that deplete the ozone layer. Since 2010, it has imposed a complete ban on the production of chlorofluorocarbon, carbon tetrachloride, halon, methyl bromide or methyl chloroform and declared its production as a criminal act.

On the World Ozone Day, when discussions were going on in newspapers and news channels around the world, some pseudo-environmentalists were also raising questions that we have got considerable success in the recovery of the ozone layer but now what about the carbon emissions responsible for climate change? What do we do in that direction? While I was following all those news and features, I observed that no one was discussing and they didn’t even bother to mention about ‘India Cooling Action Plan’ presented by the Government of India. I don’t know why the anti Modi lobby of pseudo environmentalists and activists are keep mum over such an incredible initiative. Why do they feel that a developing country like India, that put a complete ban on carbon tetrachloride and methyl bromide, cannot implement the ‘India Cooling Action Plan’?

And this is the dream of Prime Minister Narendra Modi that by implementing this plan, India will achieve the mission of zero carbon emission by the year 2070. The plan was introduced by the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India, emphasizing technical aspects along with tree plantation. The India Cooling Action Plan, known as ICAP, will assess and ascertain the cooling demand required in all sectors.They will also analyze the assessment of overall energy requirement for the next twenty years and then focus on alternative energy based on that assessment. The plan will focus not only on clean alternative energy, but also on alternative technologies for cooling equipment, so as to reduce greenhouse gases.

For this, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, under the guidance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has taken the initiative to provide special training to technicians across the country, so that the entire chain from the production of accessories to those who maintain those accessories are aware of the cooling action plan and they can focus on reducing carbon emissions.The India Cooling Action Plan says that the energy demand for cooling will be reduced to 40% by 2040! By then, the demand for refrigerators will also be reduced by thirty percent.

This means that India has a concrete roadmap only in the specific area of cooling alone, a roadmap that will guide the world towards clean alternative energy and reducing carbon emissions. Not only that India also has an outstanding action plan in the field of transportation and industries. Apart from this, another special thing has to be mentioned that 17% of the total population of the world lives in the developed countries of the world and their share in carbon emissions is about 60%. On the other hand, India is home to 17% of the world’s population, yet India’s contribution to global carbon emissions is only 4%. At such a time, it is a matter of great pride for us as Indians that India has come up with an exemplary India Cooling Action Plan for the whole world. And the whole world will eventually recognize and take inspiration from this action plan of ours, take lessons from it and follow it. I strongly believe and I am very confident about that.


By Viral Desai
(The author is a known environmentalist and the Pioneer of Satyagraha Against Pollution movement.)

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