Secret of Environmental Policies’ Reforms
Pollution in India has emerged as a serious problem. There is an implication on sustainable growth due to rapid exhaustion of natural resources. India has been part of 94 multilateral environment agreements. India has also voluntarily agreed to reduce its emission intensify of its GDP by 20-25 per cent over 2005 levels by 2020, and emissions from the agriculture sector would not form part of the assessment of its emissions intensity. Indian economy is already moving along a lower carbon and sustainable path in terms of declining carbon intensity of its GDP which is expected to fall further through lower carbon strategies.
Together with efforts to incorporate sustainability in the rural development process, India is increasingly making efforts to integrate the three pillars of Sustainable development into its national policy space. In fact, environment protection is enshrined in our Constitution (Articles 48 A and 51 A). Various policy measures are being implemented across the domains of forestry, pollution control, water management, clean energy, and marine and coastal environment. Some of these are policies like Joint forest management, green rating for integrated habitat assessment, coastal zone regulation zone, eco labeling and energy efficiency labeling, fuel efficiency standards etc.
Environmental policies in india
Price : 520
Pages : 176
Despite all these efforts, the reality that confronts us on the environmental front continues to be harsh and complex. Increasing population, urbanisation, and growing demand for water and land resources have severely impacted the quality and availability of water and soil resources. Rising energy needs is another area of concern. Besides, rapid growth will require corresponding growth in energy supply. Presently, a large share of our energy demand is met through coal and oil and this trend will continue, given the unprecedented surge in energy demand and resource constraints. Energy issues become more complex with existing energy poverty and rise in energy prices. There is considerable scope for increasing efficiency in the use of energy and water in India together with other development indicators like infant mortality rate, maternity mortality rate, sanitation facilities etc.
In this book the authors Abhay Kumar and Surjith Karthikeyan try to review the policies adopted in India towards protection of environment and abatement of pollution and emphasise the importance of a judicious mix of incentives and fiats based regulatory instruments for environment regulation. Basic approaches to environmental policy in general adopted in various countries gives an overview of the pros and cons of their experience in environmental regulation. The authors try to bring under one umbrella the green initiative legislations in India under the purview of several Ministries and other government bodies. Sustainability has become guiding principles to emerging recalcitrant environment problems such as climate change and ozone depletion. There has been growing realisation that market based instruments such as ecological tax (eco tax) are much better tool available to policymakers to regulate behaviour of individuals/firms towards environment. It is an eye opener to the policy makers, as it contains some good initiatives adopted in developed countries. The government’s policies need to give smart edge to control the repercussion of pollution.
By Sanjay K Bissoyi