From Gargya genera-tion there lived one Brahmin named Balaka. His son was Balaki, commonly known as Gargya who was having high education and deep spiritual knowledge. By virtue of his wide range of knowledge and spellbound speech he was able to attract the people during his visit to different states like Usinar, Sataban, Matshya, Kuru, Panchala, Kashi and Bideha. He was very proud of himself.
During the period there lived Ajatsatru, the emperor of Kashi. Ajatsatru was adorned with the matured knowledge in respect of Brahman. He could be well
compared with King Janaka.
Once Gargya ventured to teach Ajatsatru in regard to Brahman: O such Ajatsatru, being interested to hear about Brahman, declare to donate one thousand cows to the Brahmin Gargya, even if Gargya is able or unable for his deliberation.
Gargya said: “ The person who is yonder in the sun, on him, indeed, do I meditate as ‘Brahman’.” Ajatasatru said, “ Please don’t talk to me about him. I meditate on him as allsurpassing, as the head and king of all beings. He who meditate on him as such becomes all-surpassing, the head and king of all beings,
Gargya continued to apprise Ajatsatru on meditation of moon, lightning, ether, air, fire, water, in a mirror, sound, heaven, shadow and self. But entire efforts of Gargya, in acknowledging Brahman, kissed the dust as Ajatsatru was well aware of same earlier. Being failed in all dimensions, he surrendered before Ajatsatru to make him his pupil. Traditionally, one Brahmin can never become pupil of a Kshatriya.
So, Ajatsatru desired to present Gargya the knowledge of Brahman as gift.
Then Ajatsatru took Gargya to a man who was in deep sleep. They addressed him with these names, Great, White-robed, Radiant, Soma. The man did not get up.
After rubbing him with his hand, he got up. Ajatsatru said: When this person, who consists of intelligence fell asleep thus, where was it and whence did it come back. This also Gargya did not know.
The fact that a man recovers his consciousness after deep sleep means that it was present even in sleep, though we are not conscious of it. In deep sleep the self perceives nothing whatever and is of the nature of inactive consciousness.
When this being fell asleep thus, then the person who consists of intelligence, having by his intelligence taken to himself the intelligence of those breaths (sense organ) rests in a space within the heart. When the person taken in these (sense) he is said to be asleep when the breaths, speech, eye, ear and mind are restrained.
When the organs are restrained the self rests in its own self. When he moves about in dreams those are his world. Then he becomes as it were a great king, a great Brahmin as it were. He enters, as it were states, high and low. Even as great king taking his people moves about in his country as he pleases, so also here, this one, taking his breathes (sense) moves about his own body as he pleases.
Again when one falls asleep when he knows nothing whatsoever, having come through the seventy two thousands channels called “Hita” which extends from the heart to the pericardium, he rest in the pericardium. Verily as a youth or a great king or great Brahmin might rest when he has reach the summit of bliss, so does he then rest.
It is general law that the individualism and universalism are no way present during deep slumber and since both are reciprocal in nature in existence of one without other is accepted. During deep sleep the soul mingle with the five captives (Kosa). This hypothesis is well exhibited in the sacred Bhagavat Gita. In such state the soul apparently does not have any touch with anybody. This state is very close to assimilate with the Supreme Soul. During awakening state one has to learn this process from his sadguru and thus the relation between sadguru and the pupil.
Gargya (Balaki) was well satisfied by the knowledge that was gifted by Ajatsatru. The knowledge that he acquired, completely washed away the vanity in him.
By Kamalakant Acharya