Wednesday, June 29th, 2022 00:23:42

Modi wave prevails over India

Updated: May 31, 2019 3:12 pm

Results of the general elections 2019 are out and what a historic result it was. The historic mandate given by the people has put the Modi government on a pedestal where no other non-congress government has gone. By the time this report will be published, Narendra Modi 2.0 government would be in place and portfolios been distributed. India has reposed trust in Prime Minister Narendra Modi with a sweeping mandate. In many  states across India, particularly the Hindi heartland – Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand — BJP has even polled more than 50 per cent  votes making even alliances of the sort stitched by Samajwadi Party(SP) and Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP) in Uttar Pradesh redundant. The opposition has been restricted to pockets like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Odisha and Telangana.

Even in many of these states BJP has made stunning progress, especially Bengal, Odisha and Telangana. In Bengal, BJP has won 18seats, in Odisha eight and in Telangana  four. After the Rajiv Gandhi victory of 1984, no party has achieved such a sweep across the country. It was in 1984 last that Rajiv Gandhi-led Congress had claimed an overwhelming victory in Lok Sabha elections, winning 414 seats of the 514 seats that went to polls that time. A newly-minted party, the BJP that year won two seats. In 2014, the BJP won 282 seats, allowing the Congress just 44 seats, an all-time low, against the 206 it won in 2009.

 But unlike that Congress victory, BJP’s win rests on more solid organisational foundations. The Congress was brought down by a troika of three factors: anti-corruption, Mandal and Hindutva. On all three BJP now controls the narrative. It continues to paint Congress as a corrupt decadent organization with great effect. In Hindutva it has now ideological glue that has attracted a larger captive base across successive elections. And in attracting OBCs and Dalits to its fold without succumbing to the dynastic and exclusivist caste politics of the socialist parties, BJP has aced the Mandal game too. In the past five years aided by technology and greater executive focus on service delivery, BJP has also aced the targeting of welfare schemes in a better manner than all governments of yore.

The driving force behind these achievements has been Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his extraordinary success as a communicator. In Modi, BJP and the country has perhaps found the most perfect politician since Mohandas  Karamchand Gandhi. The coincidence that both are Gujarati is difficult to miss.

TsuNamo all along

Citizens of the country has voted in the Lok Sabha election of 2019 to elect their representatives in Parliament decisively. While during the course of election BJP was harping on nationalism, Congress hoped its NYAY would help garner votes of the poor and oppressed sections of society. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was reaching out to every nook and corner of the country and ran a spirited campaign taking on the ‘mahamilavat’ gang — the term he used all along the election  to refer to the opposition’s tentative grand alliance or mahagathbandhan.

He succeeded in reinforcing the point in every rally that India, at this crucial juncture in history, cannot afford a khichdi (mixed) government. This election is all about Modi not only for the BJP but also for the Congress and other opposition parties. For the BJP, it is crystal clear that Modi is the biggest star campaigner and the greatest draw at the hustings.  In 2014, 27 per cent of people voted for the BJP only because Modi was the PM candidate. In the end, this proved to be the main difference between the BJP and Congress.

In 2014,the BJP received around five crore votes due to the Modi factor alone, and this helped it score a fabulous victory. While the BJP secured a total of 17 crore votes, the Congress could garner roughly 12 crore votes in the 2014 Lok Sabha election. A majority of first-time voters pressed the button beside the lotus symbol because of the investment — an economy-friendly image of Modi.

In 2019,the BJP campaign centred around Modi. “Modi Hai to Mumkin Hai”, “Phir Ek Baar Modi Sarkar” and “Main Bhi Chowkidar” campaigns have been a huge success. So much so that Rahul Gandhi and other opposition leaders have been talking only about Modi in their election speeches. Modi is this, Modi is that; he didn’t do this, he didn’t do that, is all people were hearing from them, suggesting they have some form of Modiphobia.

People wanted to know about the policies and programmes of the opposition. They were bored with their continuous rants against Modi. That ‘Modi has failed’ was their constant refrain but they do not recall their failures when they were in government.

Congress hasn’t learnt from its mistakes in Gujarat. The more you attack Modi, the stronger he emerges because the people of India are with him. They have seen enormous progress in the five years of Modi rule. It all boils down to 55 years versus 55 months.

What effect Modi has on his opposition can be gauged from the fact that neither the Congress nor the rest of the opposition even tried to officially announce their PM candidate. Yes, Rahul was not the official PM candidate of Congress. That’s because he fears he stands no chance against Modi.

To the much chagrin of his fans in a presidential-style contest, Rahul is no match for Modi. Even the Google trends of the last couple of months showed that Modi enjoyed or rather enjoys a significant lead over Rahul in the keyword search. This is a good way to gauge public mood. Modi’s decisive actions against terrorism have given a fillip to his ratings and created a Modi Wave 2.0.

One may acknowledge or not, but, Indian elections are acquiring the presidential style of the United States more and more. In a Lok Sabha election, many voters compare the leadership aspects of the Prime Ministerial candidates of parties before voting. The BJP has the clear leadership of Modi; the Congress had not made an announcement, but Rahul was the most likely candidate. But who was the candidate of the mahagathbandhan? They had more prime ministerial candidates than the number of regional parties that make the alliance.

Mamata Banerjee, Mayawati, N Chandrababu Naidu, Naveen Patnaik, Akhilesh Yadav and everybody else nurse PM ambitions. How can parties that could not even win 40 seats dream of leading a government in India? All of them were waiting for their Deve Gowda moment, which the current citizens of the country can’t afford. Ultimately, this election had become Modi-vs-all.

Modi has brought cataclysmic change in politics

 

We are not what we were, we know but we do not realize. Right from 2014 Modi came to power on his new agenda. We could see the imperceptible change in his model of politics but no one articulated it and branded writers or journalists who were used to classical model of politics were not conscious about it. Journalists tended to divide politicians between secular and non-secular, socialist or non-socialist, religion based or caste based.  Classical view of the model enunciated by Gandhi still prevailed and was followed by politicians and political thinkers without realizing its erroneous yet sentimental flaws. Secularism constituted the core of the politics that Gandhi

enunciated- Raghupathi Raghav model with Ishwar Alah Tere Name Sabko Samti De Bhagwan. But behind the veil of love for all, it placed minority community above the majority in all considerations. Gandhi demonstrated in his crucial fasts that he championed minority cause as they needed fair treatment which should not be ignored by the majority. Gandhi also was ready to make Jinah head of the independent India to prove his secularism. The same model was followed by politics after the freedom. But a major change had come through insertions of Dr Ambedjar ,which the new constitution of the country brought new ideas, when some were not either noted or ignored by the thinkers. The new constitution granted equality to all citizens and no preferential treatment was enshrined in it. Indian National Congress, however, continued the same unequal but appeasement treatment. About fundamental rights granted by the charter, Justice Gajenderagadkar wrote, ‘perhaps the most elaborate charter of human rights yet framed

by any state, consistent with the aim of unity of the nation and the interests of the subjects at large’. Justice Bhagwati wrote ‘These fundamental rights represent the basic values cherished by the people of the country since Vedic times’. Were these rights not enough to grant equality and dignity to citizens? Secular parties went beyond this to give better treatment to minorities. Modi asserted his commitment to Constiution and time and again he underlined it . By giving preferential treatment to any one the state goes beyond what is offered by constitution as also a large section aggreieved who are not given such treatment. For example giving electricity to one community on a festival and not to majority. Gandhiji and his followers took majority for granted and never bothered for equality amongst all although their extra love to underprivileged or minority was well intentioned and paternal. But Modi affirmed his conviction to adhere

to constitution that was the spirit of the national integration. Despite misgiving deliberately engineered in Minority communities he continued to assure and also followed the constitution of the country and not discriminate against  minority.

Misinformation was wide spread and Modi was smeared with black paint of evil designs out to create Hindu Rashtra. Modi continued to assure that he will follow the Constitution but no one on the other side of the fence trusted him. International press ruthlessly spread the venom of religious design of the Modi. Worst example was well known Time Magazine that carried on its cover a seared portrait of Modi with the title Divider of India. Article was written by a journalist who had connection with Pakistan.

Massive disinformation and strategically planned conspiracy was let out against the man who was wedded to the law and constitution. At international level such propaganda was carried out that was patently false and vicious.

Modi has triumphed all the allegations and belied so called experts: Rajan former head of Reserve Bank came running to India to offer his services and speak against the economy. Sam Pitroda the Guru of Rahul came to give his expert advice in his famous maxim of arrogance”: Huna to hua’. Amritya Sen came to debunk economy and Modi. All this including the paid local talent was engaged in running down a person who was out to serve the nation with selfless mission.

No one has definite singe explanation for such a victory that has virtually decimated Congress, SP,  BSP, Marxists and  AAP.Big Leaders like Lalu,Devgowada,Maya, Mamta, Kejriwal,Chanderbhanu Naidu, Pawar,were washed away in his sunami. But why? there could be many factors contributing to this massive victory of Modi but one of the major factor was his slogan of sab ka sath sab ka vikas. Supporting all and development for all. No discrimination he said. It summed up his philosophy and credo that emphasized equality in sab ka sath. He

got massive vote all through India. I asked a tribal woman Zarina Begum in remote Himachal whom she voted. She kept quiet for a minute but then she said assertively ‘Modi’. ‘But in your booth there was no Modi candidate’?, I asked her knowing well that her generations voted

for Congress. Large Muslim population throughout India also voted for Modi who replaced Gandhi model of politics with Modi model.He added to it recently ‘sab ka vishwas’ Winning confidence of everyone.

By Prof. NK singh

(The writer is International Management Adviser  and Chairman  Rajshri School of Management Technology, Varanasi.)

Modi- the Destroyer of Dynasts

The elections of 2019 have been not only spectacular, but it also destroyed the myth of Dynasts ruling the roost. Nearly all the dynasts were decimated by the wave,named Narendra Modi. Rahul Gandhi and all other dynasts, now have all the time of world to think about what went wrong with them, but for now they are biting the dust.  Is it the beginning of the end?

Let’s take a look at the list of dynasts who were decimated by the Modi wave2.0.

Rahul Gandhi/Gandhi family

Rahul Gandhi has done the unthinkable loosing the family borough of Amethi. Bharatiya Janata Party’s candidate Smriti Irani won the 2019 polls by 55,120 votes. In 2014 Rahul Gandhi had won the Amethi seat by 1,07,903 votes. His main rival then too was Irani.  Amethi has been a Congress stronghold since 1967. The constituency holds a special place for Congressmen. In 1980 Sanjay Gandhi, Rahul’s uncle, made his Lok Sabha debut from there.

It was also the seat from where Rajiv Gandhi launched his political career in 1981 as did Sonia Gandhi in 1999. Rahul Gandhi himself was first elected to parliament from Amethi in 2004 and then was re-elected in 2009 and 2014.

There has also been a dent in another Congress stronghold Raebareli. Since 1952, except for three terms, it has returned a Congress candidate. Firoz Gandhi (Rahul’s grandfather) was elected from there in 1957. Indira Gandhi (Rahul’s grandmother) was first elected from Amethi in 1967 and then again in 1971. Sonia Gandhi became Raebareli MP in 2004 and has since won in 2009, 2014 and 2019. But the Modi effect can be seen as her margin this year has halved compared to her 2014 one. In the last Lok Sabha election, she won by 3,52,713 votes. This year the margin has come to 1,67,178. The other Gandhi who has not covered herself with glory is Priyanka. Her introduction in Uttar Pradesh was short of a disaster in these elections. Except for Sonia, Rahul and Sriprakash Jaiswal (from Kanpur), every Congress candidate she campaigned for in UP came third or lower.

Yadav clan

Another political family that was nearly decimated by the Narendra Modi wave was the Yadav family. Mulayam Singh Yadav (Mainpuri), his son Akhilesh (Azamgarh), daughter-in-law Dimple (Kannauj), cousin Shivpal Yadav, nephews Akshay Yadav (Firozabad) and Dharmendra Yadav (Badaun) were in the fray.

Mulayam Singh managed to retain his Mainpuri seat though with a vastly reduced margin. Akhilesh Yadav managed to win Azamgarh comfortably by over 2.5 lakh votes. And that’s where the good news ends for the Yadav family.

In pocket boroughs of Kannauj, Firozabad and Badaun the Samajwadi Party has lost, though the fight went down to the wire in all three cases.

Charan Singh family

In Uttar Pradesh, another dynasty that found itself swept away by Narendra Modi is the one founded by Jat strongman and farmer leader Charan Singh. He had been prime minister and a two-time UP chief minister. Both his son (Ajit Singh) and grandson (Jayant Chaudhary) fought the 2019 Lok Sabha seats. Both lost.

Some reflection on election result 2019:

1. One had said this before and just reiterating that no political party has organisational strength like RSS. This is a committed base of activists and the most significant advantage of the BJP. All other parties over the period have destroyed their organisations because leaders wanted unchallenged control, undermined their own support base. This is not the case with the BJP & RSS. They only expanded.

2. At present, there is no political leader in India like Modi, who so well connect with people. The left-liberal fail to understand this.

3. Don’t unnecessary interpret this mandate as the annihilation of secularism and vote against Muslims. This will be a wrong reading and will not help the opposition parties. It is like saying that everyone who voted for BJP is communal and orthodox.

4. The role of the Market – yes, this is an essential factor we ignored all these years. The market has empowered many and Internet should be added in this. The left -socialist, ignore it because of their negative understanding of Market. People in India have developed a stake in Market, they like to defend it, and poor in India prefer some type of welfare capitalism, not socialism. We need to do a survey on who wish to send their kids to a government school? The socialist structures were destroyed without resistance in India.

5. The cultural part is ignored, that is where one can challenge the BJP, and much of it will come from regional political spaces. In my mind that is still the Achilles heel of BJP.

Change in top leadership will be ineffective, complete overhaul from state to the national level is essential, including the political line, Election 2019 Results should not be read as the end of CongressParty but indeed of what is known as the Congress Party System in India. Rahul Gandhi has given his best in this election,  the best ever, but fails to take control of the party. Congress situation can be analysed from the fact – an old Bollywood actor leads them in UP & Mrs Dixit in Delhi.

6. Don’t know what to say about Left, I can be critical, but the question is for what. Just one sentence – At least in the Congress party the President offers to resign.

(from Facebook wall of Dhananjay Tripathi, Asst.Professor, South Asia University, Delhi)

Chautala Family

The other political dynasty that fared poorly in the 2017 Lok Sabha elections and faced the brunt of the Modi wave was the Devi Lal one in Haryana.

Both the sons of Ajay Singh Chautala grandson of former deputy Prime Minister Devi Lal fought the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. While Digvijay contested from Sonipat, his brother stood from Hisar. The brothers were candidates of Jannayak Janta Party.

The third Chautala who contested this season was Arjun Chautala from Kurukshetra. Arjun is the son of Abhay Singh Chautala, younger brother of Ajay Singh. Arjun Chautala was Indian national Lok Dal candidate. All three Chautala cousins fared poorly against BJP candidates who were riding on the Modi wave.

Hooda Clan

The other dynasty biting the dust in Haryana is the Hooda clan. Congress heavyweight and two-time Haryana CM Bhupinder Singh Hooda and his son Deepender, a three-time MP both lost to BJP candidates. While the senior Hooda fought from Sonipat, his son lost from Rohtak.

Other big names

The TsuNamo wave also swept away some big names from political families. Perhaps the biggest is Jyotiraditya Scindia from Guna. The Scindia family have won the Guna parliamentary seat 14 times in 20 elections. Jyotiraditya himself won the seat four consecutive times, starting from 2002. Before that, his father Madhavrao Scindia, a Congress heavyweight, represented the seat from 1971 to 1984 and then later from 1999 to his untimely death in 2002. Madhavrao Scindia’s mother Vijaya Raje was Guna MP from 1989 to 1999.

Another big gun who’ll not make it to the 17th Lok Sabha is HD Deve Gowda, a former PM and Janata Dal (Secular) president. He lost from Tumkur. His grandson Nikhil Kumaraswamy lost from Mandya. But the silver lining is the win of the other grandson Prajwal Revanna from Hassan.

Misa Bharti, daughter of former Bihar CM and Union minister Lalu Prasad, was defeated by BJP’s Ram Kripal Yadav in the Pataliputra seat.

In Maharashtra, Sharad Pawar saw his daughter Supriya Sule retain the Baramati seat, but his great-nephew Parth Pawar lost in Maval. It’s for the first time that a Pawar contested and lost a major election in 50 years.

Rajasthan CM Ashok Gehlot’s son Vaibhav Gehlot lost from Jodhpur, Milind Deora son of Congress leader, the late Murli Deora lost from Mumbai South. As did Jitendra Prasada from Dhaurahra. Jitendra is the son of congress leader, the late Jitin Prasada.

Silent Hindu resurgence

Country’s left oriented media, for the past five years tried to portray that the Indian prime minister and his maligned Bharatiya Janata Party divided the country along the faultlines of caste inequality, religious supremacy, intimidation, thuggery, the alienation of Muslims, and economic ineptitude. The accusations leveled against Modi and the BJP were rife, but the election results have trounced them all.

Modi faced an uphill battle to protect his reputation as the leader of every Indian citizen. He was accused of othering neglected minorities and sidelining their interests. However, the message of a thriving, confident, Hindu core was—and always will be—at the heart of Modi’s resurgence. It’s India’s reality. Contrary to the Western perception, Modi’s message is one of inclusivity, Dharmic ideation, and resurgent nationalism in the might of the Indian citizen, regardless of class, creed, and religion. In the words of Saurav Dutt, an author, lawyer and political columnist (writing for Humanevents.com),  “Despite what the Indian media class and their hopelessly supine Western media champions claim, it is impossible for any would-be leader in India to win an election by being Hinduphobic. In the face of the narrative, the silent Hindu vote has risen against efforts by opposition parties to divide the country along the lines of language, history, caste, and religion. It was the Indian Congress and the liberal political class that tried to divide the nation, not Hindutva (Hindu nationalism), the right-wing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the BJP, or Modi.”

He further writes “Remarkably, the turnout for Modi was even bigger this time around than it was five years ago, when Modi was first elected into office. The economy hasn’t necessarily played to Modi’s favor, but that hasn’t stopped anyone from voting for him. The vote, as it stands, was a vote for India’s sense of national identity and collective pride. It was a true “Make India Great Again” moment.

Anti-Hindu politics have lost.

State after state, BJP’s net losses were minimal, and the gains in new territories significant, largely thanks to the Hindu vote. The silent majority has spoken.”

These election results has shown that the Modi’s BJP message is all encompassing, and not one isolated to Hindu heartlands, spreading its saffron wings to the east, taking over many states in the North-East, and now becoming a strong alternative to the All India Trinamool Congress in West Bengal and Naveen Patnaik’s Biju Janata Dal in Odisha. The Left’s defeat in Kerala portends the rise of the BJP in this state in future, and its ability to gain seats in Telangana just months after being trounced by the Telangana Rashtra Samithi in the assembly elections shows that the BJP footprint is spreading in the south as well. Even Modi himself said, while speaking at a thanksgiving speech at Varanasi,his constituency “Political pundits say BJP is a Hindi heartland party.We have the most number of seats in Karnataka still we are Hindi heartland party? We are running Govt for years in Goa, the whole northeast, Assam, Ladakh everywhere we are governing or winning, still Hindi heartland?

The BJP must now ensure its message spreads throughout all of India. Good work has been done in Bengal and Odisha, but the typically left-leaning South, especially Tamil Nadu, must awaken to its message. If Modi manages to accomplish this, the BJP will be the first party after the post-independence Congress to establish a deep footprint through India.

Of course, there is the elephant in the room—India’s Muslims. Political pundits say that some Muslim youth and Muslim women did vote for Modi. But the majority still keeps a safe distance from Modi and the BJP. The BJP must now reach out to them and they must be willing to listen to what Modi has to say. They will listen if their economic and social ambitions are respected, not through identity politics. At the same time, the party cannot forsake its Hindu orientation by simply appeasing Muslims. It must foster genuine dialogue with them, bypassing any risk of contradiction so that no seeds of suspicion are sown between the two historically adverse groups.

Thankfully, India’s Muslims now have evidence of Modi’s efforts in uniting India instead of simply having a Hinduphobic narrative fed to them by the liberal media elite and the Gandhi dynasty.

By Nilabh krishna

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