Tuesday, June 28th, 2022 23:52:46

Ministry of Tribal Affairs; Uplifting The Tribal

Updated: June 20, 2016 11:26 am

Central Tribal Sub Plan (TSP)

  • Central TSP allocation increased by 15% fromRs. 20963.17 Crore in 2015-16 to Rs. 24005Crore during 2016-17 despite additional 10% devolved to States from Central Divisible Pool since  Financial Year 2015-16.
  • For the first time, TSP plan of 28 Central Ministries / Departments firmed up in consultation with Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) from  Financial year 2016-17.

Budgetary Allocation

  • MoTA’s budgetary plan provision enhanced from Rs. 4550 Crore to Rs. 4800 Crore in the Union budget 2016-17 addressing critical gaps in implementation.
  • Emphasis on Education with approximately one third of plan outlay.
  • Various schemes rationalized to achieve maximum utilization through; Increased latitude in plan formulation, Better policy space to State Governments to ensure schemes in consonance with ground realities and Prioritization in tandem of needs of tribal life.
  • More than 50% of Plan budgetary allocation for area programmes.

Focus to Improve Quality Education

  • Outcome based approach rather than mere creation of infrastructural facilities.
  • During last two years 2014-15 and 2015-16, 63 new Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs) with the capacity of 480 students in each school have been sanctioned as compared to 12 EMRSs during 2012-13 and 2013-14 under Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution.
  • Funds have been provided to the State Governments under Grants under Article 275(1) for creation of 40,000 Nos. of new hostel seats during 2014-15 and 2015-16.
  • For about 50000 students studying in EMRSs, this Ministry provides recurring funds @ Rs. 42000/- per student per year.
  • Linking of Hostels with schools/academic institutions.
  • Vocational training with residential schools to ensure better employability.

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FRA (Forest Rights Act, 2006) Implementation

  • A major statutory instrument for ensuring asset entitlement to tribals, land being economic mainstay of tribal life.
  • Lagging States are to be followed up for improving performance at par with better performing States. Progress made in implementation of FRA since 31.05.2015.

Title Distribution

Progress made in implementation of  FRA  since 31.5.2014 till 29.2.2016

Individual claims filed -7.03 Lakhs

Community claims filed -0.31 Lakhs

Individual titled distributed -2.66 Lakhs

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Community titles distributed -0.18 Lakhs

Areas Covered  under titles distributed -34.70 Lakh Acres.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) / Established Voluntary Agencies (EVAs)

  • 14 Established Voluntary Agencies (EVAs) recognized out of more than 200 NGOs.
  • Simplified sanctioning procedures envisaged for Grants-in-aid to EVAs.
  • Revision of guidelines proposed with focus on outcomes.

Livelihood and Skill Development

2014-15

  • A total number of 1,18,003 persons benefitted under various interventions of the Ministry in Skill Development, Vocational Training and Income Generation Schemes/ Component for which nearly Rs.275 Crores funds were released to various States with focus on 2/3 placement.
  • Measures under active consideration to encourage entrepreneurship among tribal youth.
  • Efforts have been made for providing skill training in different marketable trades fetching jobs.

Direct and Indirect employment envisaged during 2015-16

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Direct and Indirect employment envisaged during 2015-16

S. No. Name of activities Amount of fund released(Rs. in Crore) No. of beneficiaries  (approx.)
1. Skill Development / Vocational Training / Health attendant 284.90 88110
2. Dairy Development 195.77 62000
3. Poultry 39.76 13000
4. Fisheries 64.84 18000
5. Horticulture / Apiculture / Sericulture / Cultivation 165.94 50000
Total 751.21 231110

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Agriculture  and Horticulture

  • Emphasis on agricultural / horticultural productivity in Scheduled Areas (primarily rain –fed).
  • Funding for sustainable means in water conservation, irrigation and land development measures.
  • Measures for diversification to better income –giving crops/ plantations under TSP approach with improved  physical inputs and technology extension.
  • Satellite mapping of existing and potential water bodies in 177 tribal districts has been done by Department of Space and Geo-PDF map. They have been shared with the State Governments for  developing these water bodies for fisheries, minor irrigation, etc. using MGNREGA funds.

Health

  • Screening of 3 Cr ST Children across country for sickle cell anemia.
  • Health infrastructurefor gap-filling in areas with disperse tribal population.
  • Rs. 157 Cr released in 2015-16 for Health infrastructure and Health Centres etc.
  • Rs. 12Cr released in 2015-16 for drinking water facilities.
  • Funds for training of 6100 GNM / ANM / Paramedic / Lab Technician in 2015-16.

Strengthening of market linkages for tribal products

  • A web- based portal ‘MFPNET’, for price updates of MFP across important mandis launched.
  • MFPNET linked with 400 Kisan Call Centres for updated prices of agricultural commodities in addition to MFP prices.
  • E commerce Portal by TRIFED to sell tribal products tie up with ‘snapdeal.com’ .

Focus on Development of Entrepreneurship

  • In Union Budget 2016-17, under Stand up India, Rs. 500 Cr earmarked to promote  entrepreneurship  among SCs/ STs and Women.
  • Two entrepreneurial projects per bank branch, so as to benefit over 2.5 lakh
  • Constitution of a National SC /ST Hub in MSME Ministry to provide professional and ST  entrepreneurs.

(Programmes also implemented by NSTFDC & TRIFED)

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