Elaboration Of Complex Negotiation Processes
The book contains the elaborate elucidation of the process of American intervention in Vietnam with the sole objective to arrest communalism which Soviet Union and China were propagating all over the world, especially in Southeast Asian Region. It depicts the reason behind this irretrievable American blunder. This means Americans could not get out of their own trap, which they themselves had created. The book describes the heroic efforts of Vietnamese who belong to a tiny nation but fought relentlessly for more than 30 years to get back their freedom from both the French and the Americans. Vietnamese also learnt a few lessons in the process. The war proved very costly to both the countries. Vietnam endured physical destruction in a massive scale. USA escaped physical devastation but suffered a loss of 58,000 lives including 2400 unaccounted for. USA spent around 150 billion dollars. War polarised the American society into those who supported the war and those who did not.
The book, which contains nine chapters, elaborates on strategy diplomacy, negotiations, confidence building measures, process of eradication of trust deficits, modern-day composite dialogue process. Our present-day diplomats have much to learn from this new research into Vietnam War. There is enough to learn from the past, especially in war zones of Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Egypt, Palestine (Gaza Strip), Israel, Jordan, Serbia and many more places. Each citizen of the world wants these war zones to be converted into peace zones. For that one needs negotiations, diplomacy, strategy, curbing military power, confidence building measures (CBMs). After all attainment of peace and prosperity is our objective in each part of the world.
Another issue touched upon by the book is that each nation, howsoever tiny it may be, is capable of defending its freedom in the worst of the circumstances, in the thickest of the opposition from the most powerful nation of the world. So nationalism, and sometimes jingoism and xenophobia, should never be underestimated at any cost in any part of the world. Another aspect, discussed in the book, is the theory that waging war to gain nationalism has nothing to do with economic collaboration between two belligerent nations. USA and Vietnam are two burning examples. Investments from either side is enormous today. They are most reliable partners in economic progress. Today, Vietnamese hotels are full of American CEOs who come and go out of the country regularly. Nobody talks about Tet offensive, massacre at Hue, Operation Niagara, etc. Thus economics always oversteps and out-manoeuvres politics in each part of the world.
This book is an eye-opener towards superpower relations and the checks and balances towards South American nations, African countries, and South, Southeast, Central Asian nations as well. While delving deeper into the book one finds it almost like a laboratory or an encyclopaedia for present-day burning issues like terrorism, Indo-China relations, Pakistan-occupied Kashmir imbroglio, Egypt and Tunisia crisis, and defining Indo-US relationship based on competitiveness. To explain it further, India like Vietnam is a capital deficit, energy deficit nation. Still USA wants relationship with both. Similarly use of technology not only for war but also for peace is propagated by USA today in both countries.
By Ashok Kumar