Cattle slaughter to be banned in Sri Lanka
Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa has announced that their government would legislate against cattle slaughter soon. Lankan Prime Minister agreed to ban cow & cattle slaughter in Sri Lanka to stop animal cruelty for curbing the desperate move against offenders killing cow and cattle rampantly taken on the holy land of Sri Lanka. The Hindus and Buddhists of the island have been demanding the ban to protect the cow progeny and to uphold the Hindu and Buddhist tradition in Sri Lanka. The countries made efforts for the cow slaughter ban include India, Nepal and Cuba.
UP government has recently approved Cow-Slaughter Prevention (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020 to protect the cow and prevent crimes related to cow slaughter. The proposed law has also inserted a penal provision of Imprisonment of for 7 years concerned with physical damage to cow, and Rs 3 lakh in cases related to cow slaughter. A continuous bill to ban cow slaughter and ensure the stabilization of the population of desi cow and its progeny, the 8th Bill was put up before parliament in the year 2018 but it could not passed. The first bill for the ban of cow slaughter was put up by Bahadur Shah Jafar in the year 1857.
By creating an Authority under the Central Government to comply with article 37 of the Constitution and in keeping with article 48 of the Constitution, a law be enacted to ban the slaughter of all cows (Bosindicus) as wished by Mahatma Gandhi as an imperative for free Independent India and to recommend punishment including death penalty as a necessary deterrent for the prevention of the criminal offence of cow slaughter. It is therefore, the government has to consider this issue and pass the cow slaughter prohibition bill for the prosperity of the rural India
In 2003, Cuba banned cow slaughter due to severe shortage of milk and milk products. Beef is tightly regulated by the government in Cuba. Only government sanctioned restaurants and hotels are allowed to serve beef. It is extremely expensive, even by American standards. Only government licensed butchers are allowed to process beef and it goes directly to the government. They are not allowed to sell to the public.
Cuba banned cow slaughter in 1979. Carrying beef is legally more dangerous than carrying cocaine. Citizens can raise cattle for milk products, but cannot sell it. If a calf is born, it must be registered with the government immediately. Reason is that in the early days after the revolution the production of beef got out of control and devastated the environment. The laws are intended to disincentives individuals from developing huge herds of cattle
Sri Lankan Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa has proposed banning the slaughter of cattle for beef, according to the ruling Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna. According to reliable sources, the Parliamentary Group of the ruling party approved a proposal to ban cattle slaughter in Sri Lanka. Buddhists constitute 70% of Sri Lanka’s population and most Buddhists do not eat beef, as they consider cows sacred. Buddhists of the island have been demanding the ban to protect the cow progeny and to uphold the Hindu and Buddhist tradition in Sri Lanka.
Two years ago, Tamil-dominated north witnessed protests led by Hindus demanding a complete ban on cow slaughter. It had generated good support even in the Sinhalese Buddhist-dominated Southern Sri Lanka.
The decision was taken by him in his capacity as the Minister of Buddha Sasana, Religious and Cultural Affairs. PM Rajapaksa had informed the Parliamentary Group about passing a legislation against cow slaughter recently.
Due to dominance of Hindu in Nepal and India cow slaughter is banned it. In both Nepal and India, beef is banned according to the Consitution. In India, Article 48 of the Constitution of India mandates the state to prohibit the slaughter of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.
On October 26, 2005, the Supreme Court of India, in a landmark judgement upheld the constitutional validity of anti-cow slaughter laws enacted by different state governments in India.24 out of 29 States in India currently have various regulations prohibiting either the slaughter or sale of cows. So, yes ban on cow slaughter is constitutionally valid in Nepal and India.
By Girish Jayantilal Shah