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Brahmasutram Mugdh’rthasampattirparisesat

Updated: July 26, 2018 1:28 pm

n this essay, different stages of jiva through which he will be travelling are projected. As we know the awakened condition, dream and sushupatih or deep sleep, all are examined in the scriptural back ground. One more stage, through which jiva rarely passes is mugdha stage. Mugdha the unconscious stage, wherein a person becomes unconscious due to say, a sudden injury to the head. What is that stage? It is not dream that he will be having during that time, nor awake because he is not

understanding what is around him, nor deep sleep because the mind is full of fear and shock, nor dream because he is not imagining anything before his eyes. So, this particular stage is to be analyzed. Vyasacharya takes this particular area for discussion. He calls it ardhasampatti. Ardhasampatti means it is ardhasushuptam. Sampatti is a word  for deep sleep (satasomyatadasampadyate); that is how it is described in 6th chapter in “Chandogya upanishad.” this particular condition cannot be included in all above the three particular stages, namely jagruta, swapana and sushupati. so it is called ardhsampatti or ardhdhsusaptam. that means he will be in shock, sudden shock. that is why fear will be there. that fear or shock is expressed through his eyes during that stage. people may undergo fits as popularly called, even some abnormal state of the physic condition, as considered by medical authorities. So, lack of understanding is one thing. He will not recognize anyone but fear manovrutti or mental condition will be there. That is why this is neither jagaratam nor swapana, but it is another subdivision in sushupati. However, in sushupati the face will be blooming with bliss, very calm, very quiet. But here  it is experiencing  a deep shock, expressed  through  eye movements  and so many other body languages. So jivatama  will be  undergoing in these stages when  there will be sudden shock; sometime unexpected  things happen in his family or the most beloved people die  or  something  hitting  to  his  head  region, both  the  physical  regions  and  mental  regions will be under some abnormal experiences. (ardhenasusuptasyabhavatimugdhatvam) . So, it  is neither  death condition nor sushupatam (ardhasampattimbrahmavidahicchanti);  that is what Shankaracharya  says. It is not a 5th condition, not  a  separate,  secluded  condition;  but  this is a part of sushupti, that’s what is concluded here. Even Ayurveda and all others agree with this stage,(prasiddhacaisalokayrvedayohardhasampattih napancamiganyate). So that particular chapter meant for (tvam padarthaviveka and tat padarthaviveka) tvam is individual soul, that is universal soul. Mahavakyaarthanirnaya, it is very impo tant here; hence the mahavakya  Tattvamasi has been considered here. So tvam, the individual soul is projected properly. Here afterwards Vyasacharya, Badarayana takes up tatpadartha that is called (nasthanatopiparasyabhayalingamsarvatrahi) because tvam-tat these two are not kept separately in this  order. Jivah,  though  he  will  be crossing through all these stages, is plugged to that highest power Centre, that is tatpadartha, the universal soul (sarvakarma sarvakamah sarvagandhahsarvarasah). All these  descriptions  are there for universal soul because sarva word is repeated here, and sometime the same universal soul is called (asthul mananuhrasvamadirgham). so it is described with negative prefix. Here purvapakshi  traces some cacophony tone. How  to go? Whether this is with worldly  attribution or  without  worldly  attributions.  This  particular  area  is  addressed  here,   but   (sthanatopi) even partially also it cannot be ubhayaligam, it is only nirvikalpakam  without any attributions.That is how it is concluded

By Prof. Ramachandra G. Bhat

vice chancellor

S-vyasa Deemed to be University, Bengaluru


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