Boon of India’s rising youth population
Today, for any country, the high participation of the young population in the country’s economy becomes a very beneficial situation for that particular country. That too when, especially in many developed countries like Japan, Germany, America, Britain, Australia, China, Canada, etc. the birth rate has decreased and the population of adult citizens in these countries is increasing rapidly and the lack of young population is being felt. Thus India has come in a very advantageous position from the point of view of the young population. Out of the total 140 crore population of India, 50 per cent of the population is below 25 years of age and 65 per cent of the population is below 35 years of age. Most of the youth, that is, 60 crore Indian citizens, fall in the age group of 18-35 years. The average age of every Indian is only 29 years while the average age of citizens of China is 37 years and the average age of citizens of Japan is 48 years. That is why India is being called a young country and the eyes of the whole world are fixed on India today. Now this situation has started to appear that if India makes economic progress, then the whole world will also be seen making economic progress, because in the coming times, the consumption of various products in India will be seen increasing rapidly.
Today the literacy rate in India has reached around 80 per cent, which can be said to be a very good rate. However, the level of education is visible in the youth of urban and rural areas. Therefore, due to lack of skills in the youth of India, their contribution to the economic development of India is not being done to a satisfactory level. Owing to lack of skills, the productivity of this class also appears to be comparatively less. Keeping this in mind, in recent times, many new educational institutions have been established in India to further improve the level of education among the youth of India. For example, 150 new universities, however at present 1070 universities are functioning, and 1570 new colleges, at present 43000 colleges are functioning, have been established. Along with this, approval has been given to establish 7 new Indian Institutes of Technology–at present 23 Indian Institutes of Technology are functioning–and 7 new Indian Institutes of Management–at present 20 Indian Institutes of Management are functioning. Similarly, at least one medical college is also being established in each district of the country, currently 650 medical colleges have been established in India. With such efforts, not only is the level of education among the youth of the country increasing, but their skills are also being developed. Now the educated youths of India are reaching many developed countries and providing their services in many private institutions in the field of technology, medicine and management and many private institutions of these countries are being run by Indians in a way, as is evident in the fact that many Indians are holding the post of CEO in several reputed MNCs such as Google, Microsoft, Youtube, Pepse, Adobe, etc
Efforts are being made to create more and more new employment opportunities for women and unskilled labourers in India so that citizens of this class also continue to contribute in the development of the country. Secondly, by activating this class of citizens, the availability of labour for the industry will increase, poverty will decline, women will get employment and their productivity will also work in the interest of the country. At present, the population of women in the country is about 50 per cent, and their contribution in the development of the country is not being done at a high level, but with their participation, India will become internationally competitive in terms of labour. Efforts are also being made to develop the skills of lower and middle level workers and take them to the next level, so that new skilled workers can be recruited at the lower level.
Here, it is worth mentioning that the per capita income in India is planned to almost triple by the year 2047 during the Amrit Kaal. The average per capita income is to be taken up to Rs 445,000 per annum. For this, a plan is also being made to end the difference in average income between the citizens living in villages and cities. Labour in India is very cheap, so by making cheap and skilled labour its strength, India is trying to become a force at the international level in the field of manufacturing. Along with this, efforts are being made to make Indian skilled labour available to different countries as well. In India, following the Indian Sanatan culture, the spirit of service is developed in small children from childhood itself and the sense of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” is inculcated into them. Owing to this spirit of service, especially found in Indian women, today Indian nurses are in great demand in many Gulf countries and countries like Japan, etc., in hospitals there.
The Central Government and many State Governments have started many special schemes in this context. Today the need is that the youth of the country should come forward and take advantage of these schemes and develop their skills and increase their contribution in the development of the country. With this, India can be brought into the category of developed nation. Also, today, there are very good employment opportunities available for highly educated and skilled Indian youth in other countries as well. Due to the policies of the Central Government, many developed countries such as Australia, Britain, Japan, Canada, America, Germany, Gulf countries, etc., today trusting the citizens of Indian origin, and they are trying to move them forward in the political, social and economic fields. This is substantiated by the fact that Indian Origin’s Rishi Sunak is PM of Britain and Kamla Harris is Vice President of the US.
Posted by Uday India
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