Wednesday, 1 April 2020

Ministry Of Tribal Affairs Uplifting The Tribal

Updated: June 2, 2016 3:30 pm

Central Tribal Sub Plan (TSP)

  • Central TSP allocation increased by 15% fromRs. 20963.17 Crore in 2015-16 to Rs. 24005Crore during 2016-17 despite additional 10% devolved to States from Central Divisible Pool since  Financial Year 2015-16.
  • For the first time, TSP plan of 28 Central Ministries / Departments firmed up in consultation with Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MoTA) from  Financial year 2016-17.

Budgetary Allocation

  • MoTA’s budgetary plan provision enhanced from Rs. 4550 Crore to Rs. 4800 Crore in the Union budget 2016-17 addressing critical gaps in implementation.
  • Emphasis on Education with approximately one third of plan outlay.
  • Various schemes rationalized to achieve maximum utilization through; Increased latitude in plan formulation, Better policy space to State Governments to ensure schemes in consonance with ground realities and Prioritization in tandem of needs of tribal life.
  • More than 50% of Plan budgetary allocation for area programmes.

Focus to Improve Quality Education

  • Outcome based approach rather than mere creation of infrastructural facilities.
  • During last two years 2014-15 and 2015-16, 63 new Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs) with the capacity of 480 students in each school have been sanctioned as compared to 12 EMRSs during 2012-13 and 2013-14 under Grants under Article 275(1) of the Constitution.
  • Funds have been provided to the State Governments under Grants under Article 275(1) for creation of 40,000 Nos. of new hostel seats during 2014-15 and 2015-16.

05-06-2016

Ministry provides recurring funds @ Rs. 42000/- per student per year. 

  • Linking of Hostels with schools/academic institutions.
  • Vocational training with residential schools to ensure better employability.

FRA (Forest Rights Act, 2006) Implementation

  • A major statutory instrument for ensuring asset entitlement to tribals, land being economic mainstay of tribal life.
  • Lagging States are to be followed up for improving performance at par with better performing States. Progress made in implementation of FRA since 31.05.2015.

Title Distribution

05-06-2016

Progress made in implementation of  FRA  since 31.5.2014 till 29.2.2016

Individual claims filed -7.03 Lakhs

Community claims filed -0.31 Lakhs

Individual titled distributed -2.66 Lakhs

Community titles distributed -0.18 Lakhs

Areas Covered  under titles distributed -34.70 Lakh Acres.

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) / Established Voluntary Agencies (EVAs)

  • 14 Established Voluntary Agencies (EVAs) recognized out of more than 200 NGOs.
  • Simplified sanctioning procedures envisaged for Grants-in-aid to EVAs.
  • Revision of guidelines proposed with focus on outcomes.

Livelihood and Skill Development

2014-15

  • A total number of 1,18,003 persons benefitted under various interventions of the Ministry in Skill Development, Vocational Training and Income Generation Schemes/ Component for which nearly Rs.275 Crores funds were released to various States with focus on 2/3 placement.
  • Measures under active consideration to encourage entrepreneurship among tribal youth.
  • Efforts have been made for providing skill training in different marketable trades fetching jobs.

05-06-2016

Direct and Indirect employment envisaged during 2015-16

Direct and Indirect employment envisaged during 2015-16

S. No. Name of activities Amount of fund released(Rs. in Crore) No. of beneficiaries  (approx.)
1. Skill Development / Vocational Training / Health attendant 284.90 88110
2. Dairy Development 195.77 62000
3. Poultry 39.76 13000
4. Fisheries 64.84 18000
5. Horticulture / Apiculture / Sericulture / Cultivation 165.94 50000
Total 751.21 231110

 

Agriculture  and Horticulture

  • Emphasis on agricultural / horticultural productivity in Scheduled Areas (primarily rain –fed).
  • Funding for sustainable means in water conservation, irrigation and land development measures.
  • Measures for diversification to better income –giving crops/ plantations under TSP approach with improved  physical inputs and technology extension.
  • Satellite mapping of existing and potential water bodies in 177 tribal districts has been done by Department of Space and Geo-PDF map. They have been shared with the State Governments for  developing these water bodies for fisheries, minor irrigation, etc. using MGNREGA funds.

05-06-2016Health 

  • Screening of 3 Cr ST Children across country for sickle cell anemia.
  • Health infrastructurefor gap-filling in areas with disperse tribal population.
  • Rs. 157 Cr released in 2015-16 for Health infrastructure and Health Centres etc.
  • Rs. 12Cr released in 2015-16 for drinking water facilities.
  • Funds for training of 6100 GNM / ANM / Paramedic / Lab Technician in 2015-16.

Strengthening of market linkages for tribal products

  • A web- based portal ‘MFPNET’, for price updates of MFP across important mandis launched.
  • MFPNET linked with 400 Kisan Call Centres for updated prices of agricultural commodities in addition to MFP prices.
  • E commerce Portal by TRIFED to sell tribal products tie up with ‘snapdeal.com’ .
  1. Focus on Development of Entrepreneurship
  • In Union Budget 2016-17, under Stand up India, Rs. 500 Cr earmarked to promote  entrepreneurship  among SCs/ STs and Women.
  • Two entrepreneurial projects per bank branch, so as to benefit over 2.5 lakh
  • Constitution of a National SC /ST Hub in MSME Ministry to provide professional and ST  entrepreneurs.

(Programmes also implemented by NSTFDC & TRIFED)

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