GAIL (India) Limited Scripting A New Chapter
GAIL (India) Ltd. (GAIL) was incorporated in August 1984 as a Central Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoP&NG), with the mission of accelerating and optimizing the effective and economic use of Natural Gas and its fractions for the benefit of the national economy. As a Public Sector Undertaking, the President of India holds more than 57% of the shares the company. GAIL (India) Limited, India’s largest Natural Gas Company is one of the seven Maharatna Public
Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and the youngest PSU to be accorded Maharatna status.
GAIL, having started as a Gas Transmission Company during the late eighties, has grown organically by building a large network of Natural Gas pipelines covering over 11,000 km; two LPG Pipelines covering more than 2,000 km; six Gas Processing plants for production of LPG and other liquid hydrocarbons, with a combined production capacity of 1.39 MMTPA, and a gas based integrated petrochemical plant of capacity 410,000 TPA of polymer, which is further being expanded to installed capacity of 810,000 TPA. The Company also has 70% equity share in Brahmaputra Cracker and Polymer Limited (BCPL) which is setting up a 280,000 TPA polymer plant in Assam. Further, GAIL is a co-promoter with 15.5% equity stake in ONGC Petro-additions Limited (OPaL) which is implementing a green field petrochemical complex of 1.4 MMTPA polymer capacity at Dahej in the State of Gujarat.
GAIL assets at a glance
|Natural Gas pipeline network||More than 11,000 km with capacity of 206 MMSCMD|
|LPG pipeline network||More than 2,000 km capacity of 3.8 MMTPA|
|LPG Gas Processing Plants||6 LPG Plants with capacity of 1.39 MMTPA LHC production.|
|Petrochemical Complex||1 Petrochemical Complex with capacity of 410,000 TPA of Polymers|
|No. of Exploration & Production Blocks||15 (13 Domestic bocks and 2 Overseas : A-1 & A-3 in Myanmar)|
|No. of Associates/ JVs||17|
|No. of subsidiaries||5|
|Optic Fiber Cable network||13,000 km|
Social and environment initiatives undertaken
GAIL remains committed to the principles of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) which it strongly believes play a defining role in the development of the country. The Company’s vision of “value creation” for all stakeholders remains the guiding force behind the social interventions. A top-to-bottom, robust governance structure with a dedicated team of CSR professionals, helps in evaluating and selecting meaningful social programmes which are in alignment with the areas of intervention specified under the Companies Act 2013.
Following a Project-based Approach towards all CSR interventions, as detailed in the CSR Policy, GAIL has implemented CSR programmes primarily in the rural areas which are in close proximity to the major work centres/installations of the Company. As identified under Schedule VII of the Companies Act, 2013, GAIL has identified seven broad areas of CSR intervention, each of which is titled by the objective they seek to achieve viz. Arogya (Wellness) – Nutrition, Health and Sanitation and Drinking Water projects , Ujjwal(Towards a Bright future) – Education initiatives, Kaushal (Skill) – Livelihood Generation and Skill development initiatives, Unnati (Progress)- Rural Development, Sashakt (Empowerment)- Women Empowerment initiatives, Saksham (Capable) – Care of the elderly and differently abled, and Harit (Green) – Environment centric initiatives. Details of initiatives under each of these broad areas are provided in the Management Discussion & Analysis.
A flagship programme of the Company,Utkarsh, aimed at meritorious children from marginalized communities; provides all-expense paid, specialised residential coaching/intensive mentoring so that they can compete for engineering entrance examinations such as IIT/JEE, AIEEE and UPTU. For the year 2014-15, 100 students were identified for this programme through a meticulous selection process. Of these, 92 have qualified IIT Mains and 50 have also passed the advanced stage.
GAIL is operating 18 Mobile Medical Units under Arogya (Healthcare initiatives) across the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab, covering 374 villages and a population of almost 3,20,000.
Under Kaushal (Skill Development and Livelihood Enhancement initiatives), GAIL is operating 3 Skill Schools in Guna (MP), Dediapada (Narmada, Gujarat), Tandur (Rangareddy, Telangana) for imparting job linked skills training in service sector trades such as retail/sales, hospitality management, basic engineering etc., to rural and semi urban youth in the remote/backward districts. More than 3380 students were trained in the last FY 2014-15 in these skill schools. In addition to these 3 skill schools, a GAIL Institute of Skills has been established in Nagaram, East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, where 49 students were imparted Skill Development Training in Web Designing, Auto CAD and Industrial Electrician courses. Training was given to 60
beneficiaries from the underprivileged community in Plastic industry related trades through Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology (CIPET), Ahmedabad. 500 people were given Agri-based training through the Farmers Advisory Centres in Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.
Under GAIL Unnati (Rural Development), the hugely successful Integrated Watershed Development and Management Programme, Project Jaldhar has resulted in functioning of over 48 Self Help Groups which have in turn facilitated income generation and promote saving among tribal women of Jhabua, creation of 15 Watershed Structures and plantation of over
3500 trees/saplings. All these activities have been undertaken after comprehensive assessment and creation of database for Jhabua watershed, soil quality, water quality and topography of the project area as also regular interactions and meetings with the community.
Under GAIL Saksham (Care of the elderly and the disabled) skill based training was provided to 1500 Persons with Disabilities in various trades in nearly 48 districts of 18 states of India in partnership with National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation, under Project Swadheen.
In addition, GAIL has been taking actions to reduce GHG emissions. GAIL has taken up voluntary sustainability targets in the form of Sustainability Aspirations 2020. Various initiatives have been taken up to achieve emission reduction such as improvement in energy efficiency, energy conservation initiatives, clean technology , global methane initiatives , process improvement , implementing Vapor recovery system through various R & D initiatives.
GAIL also acknowledges that water is one of the most important resources and ensures effective management of water resources in areas of operation in various installations of GAIL. The reduction of fresh water level consumption is possible through various initiatives such as water management which includes waste water recycling and minimizing waste water generation by implementing water efficient processes.
Technology and R&D initiatives taken
GAIL is a technology driven company and aptly incorporated technology as one of its core organization values and accordingly employs “Best in Class” technologies in all areas of operation. Presently, GAIL is carrying out a judicious mix of basic, application and pilot projects under various R&D initiatives.
GAIL’s initiatives to reduce CO2 emission include efforts to convert CO2 into valuable chemicals, tri reforming of methane with CO2 for the production syngas and developing technology for capturing of CO2 through microbial route to generate value added products. There are efforts to promote Energy Efficiency through development of materials for efficient low pressure storage of natural gas for vehicular applications and developing of composite cylinders, as well as, recovery and utilization of cold energy of LNG.
GAIL is committed to ensuring the safety of its most valuable assets i.e. Gas pipelines though Pipeline Monitoring mechanisms involving satellite imagery for wireless monitoring and embedded robot-based sensors. GAIL has garnered noteworthy success in converting waste to Energy/Fuels though its two pilot programmes namely, Landfill Gas Project in Ghazipur and Waste to Hydrocarbons project. Efforts are also on to develop and use Low Carbon Technology to decrease our carbon footprints. These involve exploring the deployment of Underground Coal Gasification technology for prospecting Indian coals and developing novel ways to produce, transport and store hydrogen.