Nobel Prize For Peace (Politics) 2014
Identifying Indian and Pakistani activists for Nobel Prize gives a sense that somewhere in the back of the mind, it was a hidden message to the citizens of the two countries to strive in the direction of peace. Of course, there is a strong feeling among the international leaders, that if war breaks out in the region, it will certainly be worse than the World War II
Receiving Nobel Peace Prize for the year 2014 by Kailash Satyarthi of India is a landmark achievement by any Indian. At the same time, it is a great achievement for Pakistan too as Malala Yusufzai shared the Nobel Peace Prize of 2014 with Satyarthi at an unbelievable age of 17. Kailash left his successful career of electrical engineer at an early age of 26 to dedicate his life for Bachpan Bachao Andolan (BBA). Besides, his contribution against human trafficking is unmatched in the world, Pashto Malala Yusfzai emerged as the most courageous daughter in the world. She is known mainly for her relentless efforts towards human rights, advocacy for education, especially for women in her native Swat Valley, where the local Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. Yousafzai’s advocacy has since grown into an international movement.
But, it is indeed high time to understand the oblique intentions of powerful international community dictating the terms at global level.
The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to the person/s or organisation/s that has contributed to the world peace as per the norms of Norwegian Nobel Committee given here below:
“To the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.”
Neither Kailash Satyarthi nor Malala Yusufzai has done anything as mentioned in the guiding norms of the Nobel Prize Committee. Of course, the work done by the duo is tremendous and worth noticing in the history of mankind, but somewhere the links are missing to justify the Peace Prize.
“This Prize Is Dedicated To The People Of India”
A social worker and ‘Messiah’ of child labourers, Kailash Satyarthi got Nobel Prize recently. He talks candidly with Pooja Mehrotra on him getting the prize and other things some. Excerpts:
You got Nobel (Peace) Prize. How are you feeling?
I am happy and this prize will inspire many in contributing towards ending child slavery in the country. This prize is dedicated to the people of India. Our fight against the exploitation of children all over world will get more stronger now. I thank Nobel Committee for understanding the plight of millions of children world over.
You met Prime Minister Modi recently. What did he say?
He was very excited. He mooted the idea of joining his cleanliness mission with our Bachpan Bachao Abhiyaan. The way we need to eradicate child labour from our country, likewise we also need to have clean India. Also, my wife is from Gujarat, so we talked about Gujarat too.
Both you and Malala shared the prize. How do you view this?
Malala is a nice girl. In know her family too. Recently, I met her in Netherlands. She only called me
first. I intended to call her first, but she got ahead of me.
How you started your movement against child exploitation?
It all started with self belief. Right from childhood, I am working on these rights. Then I thought, there should be an organisation for this work. After that, Log judte gaye, or karwan banta chala gaya.
So, you must have struggled hard?
It’s a long fight. We were attacked many times. My two colleagues lost their lives in this struggle. I can’t forget all these. When I started bonded/child labour was not an issue, but today we made it an issue.
Eradicating child labour has its own difficulties. Did you face any difficulty from the law?
In many countries of the world, not a single work was done on the issue of child labour. It’s not being done today also. So we had many obstacles in front of us, but we did what we had to do. Today oppression of child rights has got global recognition.
Mahatma Gandhi wanted slavery free India. What will you do in this regard?
Mahatma Gandhi was an incredible person. He died before I was born. His vision of slavery free India is what we are trying to do. It’s a small enterprise in front of him. If he had been awarded Nobel before me, I would have been more obliged. Today our responsibilities have increased and we will fulfil these with determination.
Let us understand the ultimate targets of this award. Both India and Pakistan have the capacity of attacking their neighbours with nuclear missiles. In the recent past, for many reasons, India and Pakistan have been exchanging gunfire across the Line of Control. Tension on the border is increasing more precisely for internal reasons in Pakistan and the international agenda of our Prime Minister—Narendra Modi. Pakistani firebrand cleric Tahir-ul-Qadri and former cricketer Imran Khan have done irreparable loss to Prime Minister Nawaj Sharif, and he is battling to save his government tooth and nail. The ultimate option to keep Pakistani public mentally busy, is to create tension on the Indian border. However, Prime Minister Modi has a different reason to retaliate to the Pakistani intrusion and ceasefire violations. Narendra Modi is the first prime minister in Indian politics espousing a rightist approach and yet getting a thumping political majority. Of course, he has his own vision to enable India to become a super power in South Asia. He has thus, given a very clear signal by a strong and decisive retaliation to Pakistan, making it quite apparent that India is able enough to safeguard its borders from China and Pakistan.
It sounds very usual if Modi does it for his nation; but, from an international angle, it is not as simple as we perceive it. India has been looked at as a soft state by the international community, since its independence. On the other hand, Pakistan is either run by a military marshal or dictated by the Army in the background. India and Pakistan have been on epicenters of the two major world powers from the times of the Cold War. Gradually centres of powers changed and international arrangements too. Pakistan is a nation sitting on the verge of domestic rebellion. On the other hand, India is taking off to become the power centre in South Asia. Few instances will give more insight of the relevance of this Nobel Peace Prize conferred on Kailash, e.g., inviting all heads of the SAARC countries in the oath ceremony of Narendra Modi; Modi’s strategic visit to Japan and inking landmark alliances for various projects; inviting the Chinese premier to India and holding forthright discussions with him; addressing the world from the UNO platform and expressing a stern stand on Kashmir while regretting Pakistan’s stand on it; Modi’s demand for restructuring the UNO on completion of its seventh decade; and sharing an equal status with the US President Barak Obama. All such developments have driven world leaders to consider India as an inevitable part of the global political environment.
Identifying Indian and Pakistani activists for Nobel Prize gives a sense that somewhere in the back of the mind, it was a hidden message to the citizens of the two countries to strive in the direction of peace. Of course, there is a strong feeling among the international leaders, that if war breaks out in the region, it will certainly be worse than the World War II.
The declaration of Nobel Peace Prize for the year 2014 appears to address Sharif and Modi more rather than Malala and Kailash. If so is the case, the Norwegian Nobel Committee must think about starting up a new category of Nobel Prize for Political Leaders. Appeasing a nation for its political ambitions by way of conferring international honors will certainly take this world to a complicated scenario, but hopefully to a better one. At the same time, individuals must go on honestly in their pursuit of making this world better by achieving peace, happiness and basic rights for the humanity, including the future citizens of the world.
Bravo Kailash and Malala, you both deserve millions of salutes for the work you are engrossed in. A Nobel Prize is just a small part of the larger canvas to honour your tremendous work for the cause of humanity.
By Alok Chakrawal