Basic Concept Of A Village
The overwhelming majority of the population of our country’s poor live in villages. The development of the country lies in the development of the villages. And the majority of the people of the country’s poor live in the hill villages. So, the basic objective of this book is focussed on the economic conditions of hill tribal villages in Manipur.
The 168-page book concerns the economy of a tribal village, Maram Khullen. For the analysis of the economic system of this village, 200 households were surveyed on the random basis. Primary data were collected through scheduled questionnaires on land, forest, agriculture, marketing system, service sector, consumption pattern, physical infrastructure, health and education and community and social activities, etc. This field survey comprises personal interaction and interview with the village leaders including nominated king of the village. Apart from these primary data and personal observation, the book also deals with market and globalisation in village economy formation besides covering some fundamental infrastructures for economic development such as social capital, physical infrastructure and human capital.
The tribal all-over the world generally lives in the hilly and inaccessible areas. All the communities, including the most developed one in the world at present, were tribal at one stage or another in their development trajectory. Their economic life, which has a system of mutual dependence, and the influence of social forces compel them to live as a unified force in a demarcated area. But, the pace of development of the communities is not equal and enthused by environment including government policies, in which the community is exposed. India’s easternmost state Manipur’s ninety per cent geographical area is covered by the hill. The development of the state lies on the development of the villages. And the majority of the people of the state’s poor live in the hill villages. So, the development of village has become an important area of research among the academicians, policy-makers, bureaucrats, and political leaders in the recent past especially the hill villages in India.
The book is divided in eight parts. Part 1 discusses the basic concept of village in geo-social perspectives, part 2 explores the land ownership system, agriculture, gender role set in agriculture; part 3 deals with the forest, environment, and water stress; part 4 reveals health, education and population, part 5 identifies existing institutions in the age of globalization and how these institutions are related in the village economy formation, part 6 examines the consumption pattern and its comparison with the income, part 7 covers the basic infrastructures for economic as well as social development, namely social capital in terms of customs, beliefs, norms and value system, physical infrastructure, and human capital; and the chapter 8 wraps up with concluding remarks. In addition, the author has given recommendations in the core chapters of this book for policy implications.
Therefore, it can be said that this book is based on in-depth research conducted by the researcher using the different methods and techniques of empirical research in order to collect authentic and reliable information. The academics, researchers, and the students of different disciplines like economics, anthropology, sociology, social work and development studies will be benefited from this book. This book also highlights the contemporary situation in a holistic perspective of tribal people living in the remote areas. Against this backdrop, this book will be able to contribute to the knowledge of administrators, planners and policy-makers so as to chalk out a realistic and meaningful policy for the over-all development of the disadvantaged tribal people and their well-being.
By Ashok Kumar