ASANAS Scientific Approach To Body Fitness
We know that asanas (postures) have scientific application for the body fitness and health. Asana-Siddhi is basic for the yoga accomplishment. Therefore in routine daily life, asanas play a significant role in maintaining health and coping with different diseases, specially lifestyle related diseases.
For maintaining a good health one should select and practice few asanas in standing, sitting and lying posture, each. In standing posture, common asanas for general health could be: Tadasana, Ardha chandrasana, Konasana, Padhastasana, Garudasana etc.
Some important sitting postures/ asanas are: Padmasana, Swastikasana, Siddhasana, Mandukasana, Lolasana, Vajrasana, Gomukhasana, Ushtrasana, Matsyendra asana etc.
Important asanas in lying posture are: Bhujangasana, Shalbhasana, Paschimottanasana, Janushirasana, Paadutthanasana, Noukasana, Sheershasana, Sarvaangasana, Janushirasana etc.
Surya Namaskaar is a good combination of at least seven very useful postures. Combined together with rhythmic breathing, it is one of the most comprehensive fitness package of Yoga regimen.
If few of these postures, from each group, are practiced every day than it imparts desired physical and physiological fitness to every practitioner.
Besides physical and physiological fitness, asanas are also useful in the control and even reversal of many diseases, if practiced in combination with the conventional medical management. There are experimentally proved few groups of asanas, which could be of immense help, specially for the control of lifestyle diseases.
Paschmittosana, Dhanurasana, Mandukasana, Ushtrasana, Noukasana, Paaduthanasana, Bhujangasana have been found of immense help for diabetes, of all types. Matasyasana, Sarvaangasana and Sheershasana are good for hypothyroid problem. Shalbhasana, Bhujangasana, Gomukhasana, Matsyendraasana and Chakrasana are good for non-pathological low backaches. Pawanmuktasana, Ardhachandrasana, Katichakrasana, Tadasana are helpful to overcome the constipation. Shashankasana and Shavasana are good for low blood pressure. Dhanurasana, Tadasana, Sarvaangasana, Shalbhasana, Trikonasana and Matsyendrasana are good for non hormonal obesity. There could be more asanas or their combinations, for improving/cure of many more diseases.
Patients having well diagnosed diseases such as heart diseases, pancreatic diseases, metabolic disorders including joint pains, hormonal disorders, hypertension, chronic and compromising chest diseases, any organ failure etc. should practice asanas under supervision of some knowledgeable yoga instructor only. For desired benefits and body fitness also, regular practice under supervision of an accomplished yoga teacher is always recommended.
Regular practice of asanas gives best results, when it is combined with regular and positive personal lifestyle. It broadly includes: getting-up before sunrise, good eating habits (timely, less and a mix of vegetarian food), clean and serene ambience, positive and constructive thoughts, sincere efforts, noble and inspiring reading and matching company of personal friends and well wishers. Asanas in isolation may not yield desired results.
It may be categorically stated that a comprehensively developed lifestyle and personal habits are the corner stone for the best outcome of asana practice. We generally neglect this fact and try to reap dividends from such a good resource of health, in isolation. This brief revelation about asanas (postures) may provide required insight to the enthusiastic yoga practitioners, anywhere.
By Dr Dipak Shukla