Demystifying The Sangh
This book is an attempt to open up the supposedly secret world of RSS to the public by a person who has the in-depth knowledge of the philosophy, organisational structure and working of this huge cadre-based organisation, because of his association with it as its member, holding various responsibilities for quite a long period, and has a wide exposure to the working style of not only the RSS but also of its affiliated organisations.
The writer, giving an account of its philosophy, rightly states the belief of the RSS that India is a Hindu Rashtra and its determination to rebuild its paramount status and sovereign prosperous life. The writer quotes Guruji Golwalkar’s saying with assertion and resolve that we are Hindus and this is our Dharma and culture. RSS has never advocated a theocrated state. This is against Hindu or Indian ethos. Having discussed the RSS philosophy of Hindu Rashtra, the writer makes a specific reference to the feeling amongst the RSS leadership that they are determined to organise, unite and consolidate Hindu society with the sole objective to make India strong enough to face the onslaughts of foreigners. It was felt that Hindu society has a fatal disease of collective amnesia, which has been aided and abetted by the secular Marxist axis of historians and sociologists.
Thereafter, the writer has proceeded to give an account of the working of this organisation, including its prayer. It has a unique method of working through its shakhas and a daily prayer. RSS shakhas are a public face of it. In this respect, the writer opines that RSS shakha is a great centre for the development of human personality, developing managerial and leadership traits as it is a unique micro unit management system. The writer, in continuation, deals with another unique system of this organisation, i.e., the institution of pracharaks. Here is a band of dedicated and devoted workers who have volunteered their services as a whole timer with very high degree of commitment to the cause. A pracharak is not paid for his services and serves the organisation for a specific period of time, as per his personal decision. Out of them, some have gone to the extent of serving it for their entire life.
After describing the philosophy, working and the organisational structure of RSS, the writer gives a detailed account of various organisations established with the inspiration of the Sangh, which can be rightly called the gradual unfoldment of the Sangh work. The most important ones are Bharatiya Jan Sangh, Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad, Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram, Vidya Bharati and Shishu Mandirs, Vishwa Hindu Parishad and several such other organisations. It is an effort of the RSS to influence the different sections of the society by its philosophy and intense nationalism. Apart from its regular activities, performed directly or through its sister organisations, two mass movements, in which RSS actively participated, have been specifically mentioned. RSS actively participated in the Samagra Kranti Movement launched by Jaya Prakash Narayan for the restoration of democratic values after the Emergency was declared by Indira Gandhi in 1975. Another important mass movement, in which RSS actively participated, is Ram Mandir movement.
The writer finally concludes that this book gives a manifestation of the philosophy, organisation structure and its socio-cultural activities, exploding the myth that RSS is a secret organisation. The annexures in the end throw light on its activities during some crucial days in the life history of this organisation.
By Prof KD Sharma