An Erudite Analysis of ‘Pak’ Mindset
This book authored by a former Indian diplomat is an in-depth study of the working of Pakistani military regime, political turmoil and the tussle between the military and politicians, thinking of the common people on Indo-Pakistan relations and the rift between the West and the East Pakistan culminating into the birth of Bangladesh.
The writer initiates his comments with a reference to the ongoing spate of terrorist attacks in recent years by Islamic fundamentalists erupting like a volcano with its epicenter in Pakistan. Tracing the historical perspective in this regard, the author opines that in pre-Partition India, both the Hindus and the Muslims lived together as good neighbours, as friends and even as good relatives, but in reality these bonds were fragile and even questionable in majority of cases. Although historians blame Britishers for their policy of divide-and-rule, in reality, it goes back to Islamic invasions from the north and the atrocities, mayhem and brutality committed by Islamic invaders on the Indian people. Forces of religion remained predominant source of mutual distrust and hatred persisted and in times to come, which became the foundation of the formation of Pakistan, as it is an established fact that Pakistan did not appear on the map of the world all of a sudden.
The author states that it is an established historical fact that Mohammed Ali Jinnah was the key person to give Pakistan a distinct entity on the map of the world. He was the most important person to play an effective role to advocate the cause of a homeland for Indian Muslims. The political rift between the Congress and the Britishers offered him a golden opportunity to become a leader of Muslims in India. The socialistic outlook of Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India, provided a good opportunity to Pakistan, as India could get only a little moral support from the western world including US in its freedom movement. When America found India’s leanings towards USSR, its most important rival in the global cold war, it withdrew its scanty moral support to India, and Pakistan utilised this opportunity in its favour and joined hands with America. As a result, it received both military and economic aids from America in abundance. Later, with the disintegration of USSR, America continued to have fancy for Pakistan in spite of the fact that it being an epicenter of terrorism. The writer, is of the view, that even if Kashmir is resolved, there is a rare possibility of amity and friendship between the two countries and should be taken only as a pipe dream and lasting peace a far cry. The writer opines that a lasting and durable peace is possible if the two countries become one again, either by opening their borders with least travel restrictions or more logically by forming a sort of confederation.
The author analyses as to why and how Bangladesh came into existence in spite of the avowed objective of East and West Pakistan to form a common front against Hindus in India. Islam was the only link that bound these two parts of Pakistan but it could not stand the test of time. In the concluding chapter, the writer points out an account of his experiences during his seven-month stay in Pakistan. During that period, Pakistani press was busy in mud slinging and carrying out a malicious propaganda against India and launched a systematic campaign deliberately and mischievously implicating India for creating chaotic conditions in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Conclusively, the author feels that Pakistan has a morbid fear of India both for historical reasons and for some events subsequent to the Partition of India.
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By Prof KD Sharma