Odisha, a land of rich cultural heritage with Lord Jagannath as its main diety lies to the eastern part of India. It’s a land comprising the golden histories of its boon children who once were the famous leader of Odisha. Their strong effort, sacrifices and positive thinking are the root cause for the existence of Odisha. Biju Patnaik, the epitome of the Odia pride and honour, the legendary leader and architect of modern Odisha has proved his worth as an Eminent son of the soil through his novel, daring and revolutionary strides. This great visionary and stalwart was born in a cultured, reputed freedom fighter family in March 5th, 1916 at Anand Bhawan in Tulasipur area of Cuttack.
When he was studying B.Sc. in Ravenshaw College he had great interest in Aeronautics and Industry. His dreams of becoming a pilot became a reality when he joined the Royal Indian Air Force and the Indian National Airways. Bijubabu, during his student life set out on cycle from Cuttack to Peshawar. Later Bijubabu joined Indian National Airways and became its ace pilot. In 1940, Bijubabu came in contact with Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan and accepted him as his “Political Guru”. Bijubabu’s Political Career began during the Quit India Movement when he collaborated with underground Leaders and was imprisoned for thirty months. During the Second World War, when Japan attacked Burma, Bijubabu risked his life while saving many British families. Bijubabu had extended great help to the Chinese rebels by flying over the Himalayan region. In 1947 during the Dutch-Indonesia war with Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s instructions, Bijubabu helped the first Prime Minister of Indonesia, Sultan Sahariyar, Md. Hatta and other freedom fighters fly across Rangoon from Jakarta to Delhi. The first Indian Plane was landed by him in Kashmir in 1947 when Pakistan attacked India.
a legislative biography
Pages : 319
During his dynamic regime as the Chief Minister of Odisha on October 1st 1963 Bijubabu ushered in an era of developments. From 1961-1963, Odisha witnessed remarkable transformations in the Industry Sector. Among many development programmes carried out during the time, Paradip port, 91 Km. Daitari-Paradip Express Highway connecting-line to the mines today’s (National NH-5, A). Balimela Hydro-electric Project, Thermal Plan, Talcher Thermal Project, Sunabeda MIG aircraft factory, Barbil Sponge iron factory, NALCO Aluminium project and establishment of many other projects and micro & medium industries at Panchayat level were Bijubabu’s achievements. Odisha State Electricity Board (1961), Odisha Industrial Development Corporation (1962), Odisha Small Industries Corporation (1961-1962) and many other corporations and boards were established by this great Son of Odisha. Grampanchayat Industrial Units was established by Bijubabu for industrial development in the rural areas. Bijubabu is the founder of panchayat level industries in Odisha. During his tenure, Regional Engineering College and many Engineering and Polytechnic colleges were established. Prioritizing spread of education specially technical education massive steps were taken up during the time. Sainik School and Regional Training College were opened at the time. Primary school course books from class 1 to 5th was nationalized. Military Airbase and landing unit at Charbatia, Sambalpur and Berhampur University, Odisha University of Agriculture & Technology, Engineering and Medical College at Burla were among the major accomplishments of Bijubabu.
The book Biju Patnaik a legislative biography is compendium of all the speeches given by the legendary Biju babu as a member of Parliament both in Rajya Sabha and Loksabha. The author Ramakant Das is a joint secretary in Rajya Sabha. In a nutshell this book can give the reader an insight into the visionary ideas of Biju babu.
By Nilabh Krishna